Yokogawa CENTUM | CISA


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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v4 7.7
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/Low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Yokogawa
  • Equipment: CENTUM
  • Vulnerability: Uncontrolled Search Path Element

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary programs.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of Yokogawa CENTUM, a distributed control system (DCS), are affected:

  • CENTUM CS 3000 (Including CENTUM CS 3000 Entry Class): Version R3.08.10 through R3.09.50
  • CENTUM VP (Including CENTUM VP Entry Class): Version R4.01.00 through R4.03.00
  • CENTUM VP (Including CENTUM VP Entry Class): Version R5.01.00 through R5.04.20
  • CENTUM VP (Including CENTUM VP Entry Class): Version R6.01.00 through R6.11.10

3.2 Vulnerability Overview

3.2.1 Improper Access Control CWE-284

If an attacker is somehow able to intrude into a computer that installed affected product or access to a shared folder, by replacing the DLL file with a tampered one, it is possible to execute arbitrary programs with the authority of the SYSTEM account.

CVE-2024-5650 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3.1 base score of 8.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:H/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H).

A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-5650. A base score of 7.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS4.0/AV:N/AC:H/AT:N/PR:L/UI:N/VC:H/VI:H/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Food and Agriculture
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Japan

3.4 RESEARCHER

JPCERT/CC reported this vulnerability to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Yokogawa recommends that customers update to CENTUM VP or CENTUM VP Entry Class R6.11.12 or later. CENTUM CS and earlier versions of Centum VP will not be patched because these products are no longer supported.

Yokogawa strongly recommends all customers to establish and maintain a full security program, not just for the vulnerability identified in this advisory. Security program components are: Patch updates, Anti-virus, Backup and recovery, zoning, hardening, whitelisting, firewall, etc. Yokogawa can assist in setting up and running a security program continuously. Yokogawa can perform a security risk assessment for users considering the most effective risk mitigation plan.

For questions related to this report, please contact Yokogawa.

For more information and details on implementing these mitigations and downloading the latest patch, users should see Yokogawa advisory YSAR-24-0002.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploitation specifically targeting this vulnerability has been reported to CISA at this time.

5. UPDATE HISTORY

  • June 20, 2024: Initial Publication

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