1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 5.7
- ATTENTION: Low attack complexity
- Vendor: Lantronix
- Equipment: XPort
- Vulnerability: Weak Encoding for Password
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to obtain credentials.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following versions of XPort, a device server configuration manager, are affected:
- XPort Device Server Configuration Manager: Version 220.127.116.11
3.2 Vulnerability Overview
Lantronix XPort sends weakly encoded credentials within web request headers.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Healthcare, Transportation
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States
Aarón Flecha Menéndez of S21Sec reported this vulnerability to CISA.
Lantronix states that XPort is an old legacy product and is not designed for strong encryption or TLS/SSL encryption. Users who require stronger encryption are encouraged to upgrade to xPort Edge.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability, such as:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
- When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as virtual private networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:
No known public exploitation specifically targeting this vulnerability has been reported to CISA at this time.
5. UPDATE HISTORY
- January 23, 2024: Initial Publication